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ma final english literature prose and fiction twentieth century p7 2018


M.A. (Final) EXAMINATION, 2018

ENGLISH LITERATURE

Paper VII

(Prose and Fiction-Twentieth Century)

Atte.npt any five questions, selecting at least one question from each unit. Question no. I is compulsory. Answer question no, 2 to 11 in maximum 500 words each.

Unit I.

Explain with reference to context any four of the following extracts in about 125-150 words each :

(a) It is impossible to watch the 'fillers' at work without feeling a pang of envy for their toughness. It is a dreadful job that they do, an almost superhuman job by the standard of an ordinary person.

(b) Forty years later Shakespeare is still there completely unaffected, and of the attempt to demolish him nothing remains except the yellowing pages of a pamphlet which hardly anyone has read and which would be forgotten altogether." Any struggle against the abuse of language is a sentimental archaism, like preferring candles to electric light or handsome cabs to aeroplanes.

(d) The point I am trying to make here is that the transition from a merely textual apprehension, formulation, definition of the Orient to the putting of all this into practice in the orient did take place, and that orientalism had much to do with that if I may use the word in a literal sense-preposterous transition.

(e) The ascetic form of cruelty is, unfortunately, not confined to the fiercer forms of Christian dogma, which are now seldom believed with their former ferocity. The world has produced new and menacing forms of the same psychological pattern. The Nazis in the days before they achieved power lived laborious lives involving much sacrifice of ease and present pleasure in obedience to the belief in strenuousness and Nietzsche's maxim that one should make oneself hard.

(f) Mathematics was not used by the Greeks, as it is by the moderns, to facilitate industrial processes; it was a gentlemanly' persuit, valued for its own sake as giving eternal truth, and a supersensible standard by which the visible world was condemned as second rate.

Unit-II

2. Write a critical summary of Orwell's Lear, Tolstoy and the fool'.

3. Elucidate the salient ideas expounded in Forster's -'Two cheers for democracy'.

Unit-III

4. "Orientalism creates a divide between the East and the West”, said Edward Said. How far do you agree to the statement in the light of Said 'cri is' in 'orientalism' ?

5. Critically evaluate the ideas propounded in Burtrand Russell's 'ideas that have Harmed Mankind'.

Unit-IV

6. Write the character sketch of Tess of 'Tess of the D'ubervilles'.

7. Bring out the autobiographical element in D.H. Lawrence's novel 'Sons and Lovers'.

8. "Characters in the novel 'Mrs. Dalloway' come from a range of social classes." Write a critical essay on the art of characterization in the light of the above statement.

Unit-V

9. What do you mean by 'Stream of consciousness technique ? Illustrate it with reference to James Joyce's novel “Protrait of an Artist as a Young Man".

10. "Brave New World' is a Utopia conceived on the basis of Species-Self interest masquerading as an universal paradise." Comment.

11. Write the character of Wilson on the basis of your reading of 'The Heart of the Matter'.


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